Newfoundland – District Of Conception Bay

IN 1501, Gasper de Cortereal, the Portuguese navigator, visited Conception Bay, and gave to it the name which it bears, after the miraculous conception of the Virgin Mary. He also gave the present names of many of the coves and headlands. A colony was attempted to be established at Musquito Cove, Conception Bay, so early […]

Newfoundland – District Of Placentia And St. Mary’s

IN Plaisance (beautiful place) or Placentia, the French founded a colony in 1660, which was a flourishing settlement. At this period the French paid a duty of five per cent. on the produce of the fisheries to the British Government. In 1692, however, Commodore Williams was sent with a fleet against Placentia, which he partly […]

Newfoundland – District Of Fogo And Twillingate

THE principal place in this district is Twillingate (originally Toulingate,) it is situate on an island of the same name, and contains a population of about 2,300. Twillingate is divided by the sea, forming the north and south side of the harbour into two islands. The principal part of the inhabitants live on the north […]

Newfoundland – District Of Trinity Bay

IN  no part of the world are there more noble bays than in Newfoundland. The ocean is penetrated by those great amis of the sea, into the land, bringing the treasures of the deep to the very doors of the inhabitants. It is very probable that the whole of the earlier voyagers to Newfoundland visited […]

Newfoundland – District Of Bonavista Bay

THE first land discovered in Newfoundland by the Cabots, appears to have been about Cape Bonavista, and to which they gave the name of Terra Pimum, Vista (the land first seen), happy sight or view. The celebrated navigator Jacques Cartier being recommended by Chabot, Admiral of France, was entrusted with a commission to form colonies. […]

Newfoundland – District Of Ferryland

FERRYLAND was one of the earliest settled parts of Newfoundland. It is said to have been the rendezvous of one Easton, a piratical adventurer, who, in 1578, commanded a fleet of ten vessels. This daring adventurer impressed a hundred sailors for his fleet, and levied a tribute from all engaged in the fisheries. In 1823, […]

Newfoundland – Government, Revenue, Trade And Shipping

THE first military Governor appointed to Newfoundland was Major (afterwards Lieutenant-General) Sir John Harvey, in 1841 ; he was also the first Governor who had a private secretary. Sir John Gaspard Le Marchant assumed the Government in 1847, and also brought with him a private secretary. The Governor of Newfoundland is not Lieutenant-Governor, like the […]

Newfoundland – District Of St. John’s

ST. JOHN’S, the capital of Newfoundland, lies in 47° 33′ 33″ north latitude and 52° 45′ 10″ west longitude from Greenwich, and 10° 52′ east of Halifax. Magnetic variation in 1828, 28° 47′ westerly. The first authentic record of St. John’s is given in a letter to King Henry VIII., by John Rut, in 1527, […]

Newfoundland – Population, Religion, And Education

THE following was the population of Newfoundland at different periods. Year. 1763 13,112 Winter population. 1784 15,253 1806 26,500 1823 52,157 1828 58,088 In 1836, the population was as follows : District of St. John’s 18,920 “Conception Bay 23,215 “Trinity Bay 6,803 Bonavista Bay 5,183 Fogo 4,886 Ferryland 5,111 Placentia and St. Mary’s 4,701 “Burin […]

Newfoundland – Agricultural Resources And Manufactures

WITBOURNE and other earlier adventurers who visited Newfoundland, speak in high terms of  the productiveness of the soil. As early as 1610 John Gay, who had established a colony in Mosquitto, in Conception Bay, speaks of the climate not being so severe as in England; he also raised garden vegetables. In 1623, Governor Wynn in […]